November 1 marks the day of its founding, an economic and political union of 27 independent member states based in Europe.

The EU dates back to the formation of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and the European Economic Community (EEC), which were formed from six countries in 1957. In the following years, the territory of the EU grew due to the inclusion of new member states. At the same time, the sphere of influence increased by expanding political powers.

In its current form, it exists on the basis of the Maastricht Treaty, signed on February 7, 1992 and in force since November 1, 1993. The Maastricht Treaty allowed them to move to closer economic cooperation. This document laid the foundations of European citizenship and the principle of open borders, and became the foundation for the development of common security and foreign policy.

Legally, there is no capital in the EU, but de facto this is the city of Brussels, where most EU institutions are based.

As you know, Ukraine also wants to join the member states and is heading towards the EU and NATO. On February 7, 2019, the deputies of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine voted to amend the Constitution of Ukraine and enshrine in it a strategic course towards Ukraine’s full membership in the EU and NATO.

A number of European integration laws are currently being adopted to meet the Copenhagen criteria for EU membership. It is worth noting that the current situation in Ukraine is of great concern to many European countries. Unfortunately, not all EU leaders understand that Ukraine is now acting as a shield that protects Europe’s borders from the Kremlin’s plans and needs support in the face of the Russian aggressor.